New PDF release: Changes in Income Inequality Within U.S. Metropolitan Areas

By Janice Fanning Madden

What if one have been to exploit metropolitan statistical sector (MSA) information rather than national facts to check source of revenue redistribution? may well this show that definite areas or MSAs inside of areas are "hot beds" of source of revenue inequality? Can styles of source of revenue inequality be discerned inside of MSAs, e.g., among valuable towns and suburbs? if this is the case, what neighborhood features impact source of revenue inequality? Janice F. Madden tackles those questions via learning MSA information that hyperlink the features of metropolitan economies to major adjustments in source of revenue inequality. this permits her to review alterations in poverty charges, family source of revenue inequality, and salary inequality inside of 182 of the biggest MSAs and to spot what she says are the 3 elements probably to persuade alterations in source of revenue inequality in metropolitan components. these elements are

* demographics, which outline how source of revenue is shared around the generations and the way profits and different source of revenue flows translate into monetary well-being;

* the hard work marketplace, which strongly affects U.S. loved ones source of revenue throughout the offer of and insist for employees, and during wages and salaries;

* the geographic constitution, which affects citizens' neighborhood tax liabilities, entry to publicly supplied items and providers, own safety and security, and the facility to travel to paintings -- together with the elevated locational isolation in accordance with source of revenue or race. the consequences offered strongly help a couple of coverage thoughts bearing on antipoverty guidelines, and tackle concerns resembling objectives inside MSAs for task development and construction, the categories of jobs created, and antidiscrimination guidelines in housing and hard work markets.

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Additional info for Changes in Income Inequality Within U.S. Metropolitan Areas

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Upjohn Foundation for Employment Research. Page xiii The Author Janice F. Madden is the Robert C. Daniels Term Professor of Urban Studies, Regional Science, Sociology, and Real Estate at the University of Pennsylvania. She served as Vice Provost for Graduate Education from 1991 to 1999. Prof. Madden came to Penn in 1972 after completing her graduate studies in economics at Duke University. She joined the demography group in the Department of Sociology in 1994, and she served as Director of the Women's Studies Program from 1988 to 1991.

Obviously, if municipalities and cities are too small a unit to encompass the relevant labor and housing markets, then smaller units such as census tracts are even more problematic. In addition to the conceptual reasons for measuring equality within an MSA, the measurement of income inequality within an MSA is more likely to reflect accurately differences in consumption than is inequality measured for the nation. Because the cost of living varies across regions in the United States, differences in income or earnings across the nation do not translate into equivalent differences in consumption when they arise from regional differences in the price of goods and services.

5 Pittsburgh experienced the greatest percentage increase in income inequality, 23 percent; on the other side of the state, Philadelphia experienced a much lower increase of only 4 percent. 1, Washington and San Diego had the least growth in household income inequality; Cleveland and Buffalo in the Midwest and New Orleans, Houston, and Miami in the South experienced fairly large increases. The reasons for the wide variation in MSA income inequality during the 1980s are not clear. Regional location is not obviously associated with the differences.

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Changes in Income Inequality Within U.S. Metropolitan Areas by Janice Fanning Madden

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