Coal and Tobacco: The Lowthers and the Economic Development - download pdf or read online

By J. V. Beckett

ISBN-10: 0521234867

ISBN-13: 9780521234863

Monetary historians have lengthy favored the $64000 function of the Lowther relations within the constructing Whitehaven from a tiny fishing village right into a flourishing business centre. In Coal and Tobacco, Dr Beckett has tried, through analysing the west Cumberland economic climate, and the Lowther's entrepreneurial function, to bare the important significance of the coal undefined. considering a lot of the coal used to be offered in eire, west Cumberland moved right into a courting with Dublin which was once just like, albeit on a smaller scale than, the extra recognized hyperlink among Tyneside and London. The coal exchange supplied the important monetary underpinning, yet geographical issues support to give an explanation for Whitehaven's different buying and selling pursuits. Dr Beckett's significant research is predicated at the Lowther papers, and divulges the the most important kinfolk involvement in those occasions. This e-book records Lowther's tale: how shut he got here to luck, why he failed, and the influence of his pursuits on west Cumberland.

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Extra info for Coal and Tobacco: The Lowthers and the Economic Development of West Cumberland, 1660-1760

Example text

I fear you are covetous', wrote Wesley, 'that you love the world. And if you do, as sure as the Word of God is true, you are not in a state of salva­ tion . . Oh Sir, I beseech you . . '24 Evidently Lowther concluded that he did not, since the will that he had made a month earlier was not altered. Finally, this picture of the Lowthers as single-minded, thrifty businessmen with a strong social conscience can be substantiated from a long description of Sir James written in 1 742 by John Steven­ son.

Collieries (Lattera, Hall, ;· � � } 1 1 g n B1rketts, Ouanerbanks, Oistington I exact location unknown. (Fletcher, Brougham 1722-37, from 1737 Lowther) 6. ScalegiU (Patrickson, from 1730 Lowther) 7. Harrington (Curwen) 8. Curwenl 9. Workington Hall (Curwen) 10. Ennon (Curwenl 1 1 . Walton Wood (Curwenl 12. Seaton ICurwen, from 1725 Pelham, leased by Lowther and Lutwidge from 17281 • 2. 1 .... -' .... .... , ,,, ..... _ / ,... ,,. ; 13. Stainbum (Curwen, from 1725 Pelham) 14. Little Clifton (Curwen) 15.

13. Stainbum (Curwen, from 1725 Pelham) 14. Little Clifton (Curwen) 15. Great Clifton (Salkeld) 16. Camenon (Cooke, leased by Lowther and Lutwidge from 17331 17. Oearham (Lamplugh, from 1722 Lowther) 18. Broughton (Whanon, from 1738 Somerset) 19. Aspatria (Somerset) 20. Bolton/Westward (Somerset) NB Points given on the map indicate the place name and not necessarily the exact location of the colliery, since this cannot always be ascenalned. - - Boundary of the West Cumberland coalfield 0 8 km 0 5 miles Collieries on the west Cumberland coalfield during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries COAL : M O N O P O LY AND COMPETITION towards Cockermouth.

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Coal and Tobacco: The Lowthers and the Economic Development of West Cumberland, 1660-1760 by J. V. Beckett

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