By Zoya Hasan
This e-book explores the nature of the political transformation and democratic transition within the Asian Muslim global. It asks even if democracy is suitable and fascinating as a political procedure for non-Western societies, and assesses the level of exact democratization in all of the nations studied, specifically, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey.
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Extra resources for Democracy in Muslim Societies (Orf Studies in Contemporary Muslim Societies)
More noteworthy is 42 ZOYA HASAN the fact that Islamic norms of governance do not figure prominently in the organisation of government. Indeed, the most striking feature is the varied forms of politics and political systems. Reminiscent of the experience of most of the developing world, these six countries have not been successful in the consolidation of democracy; but when we compare their experience with other developing countries, then it is clear that the democratic deficit is not unique to the Muslim world.
These are attributed to the status-quoist anti-democracy groups, which are facing corruption trials, and to Suharto’s cronies. Though use of state apparatus such as police and military is not the solution for ending this violence, the military values from previous times remain deeply embedded in governing structures. 30 ZOYA HASAN While Indonesian Muslims have traditionally maintained tolerance and harmony, the current government has failed to enforce various freedoms, including religious freedom.
During this phase, two methods were used to appropriate surplus: one by directly selling distribution licences gained through 48 AMENA MOHSIN AND MEGHNA GUHATHAKURTA political connections; and, second, through siphoning off marginal differences between ex-factory and market clearing prices. It may be mentioned that although industries were nationalised, the distribution of products remained in the hands of the private sector. A group of businessmen with close links with the regime obtained distribution licences and then sold them to private distributors.
Democracy in Muslim Societies (Orf Studies in Contemporary Muslim Societies) by Zoya Hasan