By Almer N Blazer, Alton R Pruit
Until eventually the book of this quantity, Santana, one of the such a lot amazing of all Apache chiefs, has been almost unknown in recorded heritage. recognized in his early years because the such a lot crafty and harsh of the Mescalero leaders waging warfare opposed to the Anglo invaders, it's ironic that Santana's such a lot outstanding contribution concerning making peace instead of battle. Anonymity is frequently the destiny of peacemakers. Santana understood within the 1860s, ahead of so much of his contemporaries, that the possible final results of endured fight with the white guy was once the annihilation of his humans. spotting that he will be one of the first to die as punishment for his warlike habit, he disappeared into the mountains for eight years, until eventually the warmth was once off and the Army's cognizance used to be interested by a brand new new release of struggle chiefs. After his reappearance, he led his fans into peace to avoid their annihilation as a humans and negotiated for them a reservation of their conventional fatherland within the Sacramento mountains of south-central New Mexico.
Santana wanted a chum from whom he might find out about the methods of the white international and who might intercede for him with the alien tradition. He came across that buddy in J. H. Blazer, who operated a mill, los angeles Manquina, later to develop into referred to as Blazer's Mill, at the Rio Tularoso at a domain one-half mile downstream from the present-day Mescalero organisation. After their tension-fraught preliminary assembly in overdue 1867 or early 1868, the 2 males realized to love and appreciate each other and constructed an abiding friendship that lasted until eventually Santana's demise from pneumonia within the iciness of 1877. The manuscript itself includes either money owed of J.H. Blazer's interactions with Santana and outlines of convinced elements of Mescalero lifestyles and tradition provided from the event of the writer, A.N. Blazer, son of J.H., and from tales informed him by way of his Mescalero neighbors, a few of whom have been contemporaries of Santana.
this isn't a tutorial heritage. Any reader waiting for such an account can be disenchanted. the various occasions and conversations similar herein can't be demonstrated simply because they arrive from the stories of people that had no written language (and who, it's going to be famous, had much better stories as a result). what's offered here's a very cogent account, verifiable in lots of very important details, of a outstanding guy and sure features of the Mescalero tradition which spawned and formed him.
Santana was once a outstanding guy for any age or time. spotting his personal boundaries in facing an Anglo juggernaut bent on overwhelming and destroying his tradition and his humans, he used to be in a position to step open air his cultural history of conflict and conquest and use his extraordinary talents as a tactician, negotiator and chief to discover how to defend either with not less than bloodshed. during this age of more and more violent cultural and non secular conflicts in lots of components of the area, definitely his tale merits large popularity.
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Until eventually the ebook of this quantity, Santana, one of the such a lot marvelous of all Apache chiefs, has been nearly unknown in recorded background. recognized in his early years because the so much crafty and harsh of the Mescalero leaders waging warfare opposed to the Anglo invaders, it truly is ironic that Santana's so much remarkable contribution relating to making peace instead of warfare.
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Extra resources for Santana: War Chief of the Mescalero Apache
We do not know when he was born or where. We do not know his Indian name. He is a shadowy figure skipping over the pages of time with the intensity and brevity of a whirlwind. His name appears occasionally in dusty archives, usually accompanied by descriptive adjectives such as fiercest, cruelest, or wiliest. Almer N. Blazer remembers his father, Dr. Joseph H. Blazer, describing Santana as standing about six-feet in height, broad of shoulder, deep chested, powerfully proportioned. He was also notable for his big feet.
Conditions at the time were not normal with the Mescalero, however, and the brush walls of the wickiups had been reenforced, so occupants could protect themselves from the cutting wind of the coming night. And about each little fire in the deepening gloom a carefree, happy group assembled. The old, the sick, and otherwise indisposed crouched in silence where some friendly nook provided a measure of comfort; their stoic natures enabled them to bear their suffering without complaint, for custom denied them that.
Secretary of War Charles W. Conrad, as well as many of the officers on frontier duty, favored a peace policy—the adoption of some system whereby Indians could be induced to abandon their nomadic way of life, live in villages, and learn how to become self-supporting through agriculture. General Edwin Vose Sumner and Major James H. Carleton headed a majority who believed that peace could be attained only through a constant show of military force, which included the building of forts throughout the area.
Santana: War Chief of the Mescalero Apache by Almer N Blazer, Alton R Pruit