James M. Lattis's Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the PDF

By James M. Lattis

Between Copernicus and Galileo is the tale of Christoph Clavius, the Jesuit astronomer and instructor whose paintings helped set the factors during which Galileo's well-known claims seemed so radical, and whose teachings guided the highbrow and clinical schedule of the Church within the imperative years of the medical Revolution.

Though fairly unknown at the present time, Clavius used to be greatly influential all through Europe within the past due 16th and early 17th centuries via his astronomy books—the usual texts utilized in many faculties and universities, and the instruments with which Descartes, Gassendi, and Mersenne, between many others, realized their astronomy. James Lattis makes use of Clavius's personal courses in addition to archival fabrics to track the important position Clavius performed in integrating conventional Ptolemaic astronomy and Aristotelian normal philosophy into an orthodox cosmology. even if Clavius strongly resisted the hot cosmologies of Copernicus and Tycho, Galileo's invention of the telescope finally eroded the Ptolemaic international view.
By tracing Clavius's perspectives from medieval cosmology the 17th century, Lattis illuminates the conceptual shift from Ptolemaic to Copernican astronomy and the social, highbrow, and theological impression of the medical Revolution.

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Additional info for Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the collapse of Ptolemaic cosmology

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56 A very similar notation appears in Clavius's Epitome arithmeticae practicae (Rome, 1583) in the discussion of the concept of fractional fractions. H. L. L. Busard refers to it as "a distinct notation" whose peculiar characteristic is the omission of the fraction bar in one of the fractions of the pair. 57 If Clavius's use of this notation is a reflection of notational practices at Bamberg, then the calculators of Bamberg's commercial sector may have been an important early influence, perhaps through a practical arithmetic text, on Clavius' s later mathematical interests.

So it seems reasonable to accept his word that he had not studied, at least fonnaIly, with Nunez. If, in fact, Clavius did not study mathematics (with or without Nunez) at Coimbra, then it may well be that he was self-taught or nearly so, for in Rome (fig. 4) there were no chairs of mathematics or even regular lectures on mathematics-either at Rome's La Sapienza, the city's university, or at the Collegio Romano. 64 He did, however, study with the early Jesuit teacher Jer6nimo Torres for a time, and some of that work could have been mathematical in nature.

94 The ARSI records indicate that Clavius died on 6 February 1612 in the Collegio Romano itself. This is confirmed by a Vatican Library manuscript in an entry dated 8 February (which was a Wednesday). "On Monday Father Christoph Clavius of Bamberg died. ; Between Copernicus and Galileo : Christoph Clavius and the Collapse of Ptolemaic Cosmology Account: ns148561 Copyright © 1994. University of Chicago Press. All rights reserved. S. or applicable copyright law. AVIUS'S ASTRONOMICAL. ' ,95 Some sources recount an odd story about Clavius's death, namely, that he was killed by a bull, sometimes a wild bull, while visiting the seven churches of Rome.

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Between Copernicus and Galileo. Christoph Clavius and the collapse of Ptolemaic cosmology by James M. Lattis

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