By Ikuo Kabashima, Gill Steel
Altering Politics in Japan is a clean and insightful account of the profound alterations that experience shaken up the japanese political approach and remodeled it nearly past popularity within the final couple of a long time. Ikuo Kabashima-a former professor who's now Governor of Kumamoto Prefecture-and Gill metal define the elemental beneficial properties of politics in postwar Japan in an available and fascinating demeanour. They concentrate on the dynamic dating among citizens and elected or nonelected officers and describe the shifts that experience happened in how electorate reply to or keep watch over political elites and the way officers either reply to, and try and effect, electorate. The authors go back many times to the subject matter of alterations in illustration and accountability.
Kabashima and metal got down to demolish the nonetheless usual fantasy that jap politics are a stagnant set of entrenched platforms and pursuits which are essentially undemocratic. as an alternative, they exhibit a full of life and dynamic democracy, during which politicians and events are more and more hearing and responding to citizens' wishes and pursuits and the media and different actors play a considerable position in preserving democratic responsibility alive and fit. Kabashima and metal describe how all of the political events in Japan have tailored the ways that they try and set up and channel votes and argue that opposite to many journalistic stereotypes the govt is more and more performing within the "the pursuits of citizens"-the median voter's personal tastes.
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78 The Yaeyama Islands are divided into three school board jurisdictions— Ishigaki, Taketomi, and Yonaguni—with a combined population of only about 55,000, about 4 percent of Okinawa’s total. Yet the textbook selection process on those islands was headline news, the subject of numerous articles and editorials for weeks in the two major Okinawan newspapers. Even mainland media paid attention. It was the first time that a Tsukurukai textbook was adopted by an Okinawan school board. The Tsukuru-kaiaffiliated history textbooks made no mention of the Japanese military’s involvement in the mass suicides.
In the view of one Okinawan critic, This is not just a matter of history revisionism; it is closely related to Japanese defense policy . . indb 35 6/21/12 8:34 AM 36 Chapter 2 Right after the Self-Defense Force was established in 1954, a cabinet Intelligence and Research Office publication addressed the subject of “People’s Defense Consciousness,” saying, If the memory of wartime victimization in people becomes a peace ideology (heiwa shiso), that will thwart cultivation of people’s defense consciousness.
58 “The war is far from over in Okinawa,” says Ota. ”59 It is a sentiment widely shared. The islanders’ resistance against US military bases is inseparable from their experience of the indescribable horrors of the war. Not only do they not want to see another war in Okinawa, many feel responsible for indirectly participating in US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan since their land is being used for military bases. The poem on the tapestry hung inside the Henoko sit-in tent reads as follows. indb 30 6/21/12 8:34 AM War, Memory, and Commemoration 31 At the end of the Battle of Okinawa, Mountains were burned.
Changing Politics in Japan by Ikuo Kabashima, Gill Steel