By Kirstin Hallmann, Karen Petry
The goal of this publication is to supply an outline of views and methods to activities improvement concentrating on game platforms, recreation participation and public coverage in the direction of activities. It comprises twelve eu international locations masking all areas of Europe and 11 international locations from all over the world. the target is to offer an outline of the range of ways taken to activity improvement, targeting different game structures and the way activity is financed, the underlying purposes of game coverage and the way it truly is mirrored in game participation. This e-book takes a comparative strategy that's mirrored in each one bankruptcy following the same constitution. the variety of activities structures in Europe and different continents and their (historical) context is proven. Thereby quite a number coverage methods underpinning recreation improvement all over the world are offered, making it of curiosity to either teachers and policy-makers all for activities economics and policy.
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Extra info for Comparative Sport Development: Systems, Participation and Public Policy
The results showed that on the level of capital resources, human resources, and organizational resources, 55–75 % of the resources needed were at the sports federations’ disposal. This means that although several sports (skiing, athletics, fencing) had won medals in international championships during a number of Olympic cycles, the resources at the disposal of their organizations were clearly insufficient. The Estonian Ski Association was clearly different from other sports federations as it was the most successful one in 2000–2006 by the number of medals from international championships, and the level of resources at its disposal was 85–95 % of the estimated maximal needs.
In Flanders, sport participation has become a leisure-time physical activity in which over 6 out of 10 adults are actively involved. Once considered as an exceptional form of leisure behavior, active participation in sport nowadays has evolved to an accepted and even normative and gender neutral lifestyle behavior. A quarter of the adults in Flanders participate in a sport club. Apart from the traditional sport clubs, other organizational arrangements such as so-called light sporting communities and commercial sport providers are on the rise.
An introduction]. In J. Scheerder, C. Van Tuyckom, & A. ), Europa in beweging. Sport vanuit Europees perspectief [Europe on the move. Sports from a European perspective] (Management & Governance in Sport, Vol. 1). (pp. 3–50). Ghent: Academia Press. , & Vos, S. (2011). Social stratification in adults’ sports participation from a timetrend perspective. Results from a 40-year household study. European Journal for Sport and Society, 8(1/2), 31–44. , & Renson, R. (2002). Social sports stratification in Flanders 1969–1999 intergenerational reproduction of social inequalities?
Comparative Sport Development: Systems, Participation and Public Policy by Kirstin Hallmann, Karen Petry