By Ann B. Butler, William Hodos
Comparative Vertebrate NeuroanatomyEvolution and AdaptationSecond EditionAnn B. Butler and William HodosThe moment variation of this landmark textual content provides a vast survey of comparative vertebrate neuroanatomy on the introductory point, representing a distinct contribution to the sector of evolutionary neurobiology. it's been generally revised and up to date, with considerably better figures and diagrams which are used generously through the textual content. via research of the adaptation in mind constitution and serve as among significant teams of vertebrates, readers can achieve perception into the evolutionary historical past of the fearful approach. The textual content is split into 3 sections:* advent to evolution and version, together with a survey of telephone constitution, embryological improvement, and anatomical association of the crucial fearful method; phylogeny and variety of mind buildings; and an summary of varied theories of mind evolution* Systematic, complete survey of comparative neuroanatomy throughout all significant teams of vertebrates* evaluation of vertebrate mind evolution, which integrates the whole textual content, highlights range and customary issues, broadens point of view through a comparability with mind constitution and evolution of invertebrate brains, and considers fresh information and theories of the evolutionary foundation of the mind within the earliest vertebrates, together with a lately proposed version of the starting place of the mind within the earliest vertebrates that has obtained robust aid from newly found fossil evidenceAmple fabric drawn from the newest learn has been built-in into the textual content and highlighted in distinctive function packing containers, together with contemporary perspectives on homology, cranial nerve association and evolution, the fairly huge and complicated brains of birds in correlation with their complicated cognitive skills, and the present debate on forebrain evolution throughout reptiles, birds, and mammals.Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy is geared to upper-level undergraduate and graduate scholars in neuroanatomy, yet a person attracted to the anatomy of the worried approach and the way it corresponds to the way in which that animals functionality on the planet will locate this article interesting.
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Extra resources for Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy (Second Edition)
Q + K + A _ B + FIGURE 1-1. Cladogram showing the distribution of a trait, indicated by +, among the theoretical extant taxa Q, K, A, and B. Cladistic Analysis Cladistics is a formal method of analysis for classifying animals according to their inferred phyletic relations, based on sets of shared similar traits. This approach is the embodiment of the historical homology concept. It can be applied to analyzing the variable occurrence of a given trait among different taxa. In the latter case, a highly corroborated hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships of the taxa under consideration is needed.
Campbell, C. B. G. and Hodos, W. (1991) The Scala Naturae revisited: evolutionary scales and anagenesis in comparative psychology. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 105, 211–221. Cracraft, J. (1967) Comments on homology and analogy. Systematic Zoology, 16, 356–359. Darwin, C. (1836) The Voyage of the Beagle. New York: Mentor, 1988. Darwin, C. (1859) The Origin of Species. New York: Random House, 1993. DeBeer, G. (1971) Homology, an unsolved problem. Oxford Biology Readers, No. 11. London: Oxford University Press.
Gars and chondrosteans are the out-groups to the bowﬁn and teleosts, and they have the trait. Therefore, we hypothesize that the trait was present in the common ancestor of these four groups and that it has been lost once—in the bowﬁn. The trait is absent, however, in cladistians. Was it present or absent in the ancestral stock of ray-ﬁnned ﬁshes? The out-group to the ray-ﬁnned ﬁshes is the cartilaginous ﬁshes, and the trait is absent in both groups of cartilaginous ﬁshes—holocephali and elasmobranchs.
Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy (Second Edition) by Ann B. Butler, William Hodos