By OECD Collectif
This quantity stories the state-of-the-art in carrying out sustainability checks, together with the diversity of methodologies and instruments to be had. It describes present perform in OECD international locations, in addition to the continued debate on quantifying and evaluating various forms of brief- and long term coverage impacts. Table of content material :Workshop evaluate through Candice StevensPART I. DEFINING SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENTSChapter 1. Sustainability impression review: ecu methods by means of Gerald BergerChapter 2. Sustainability effect evaluate and Strategic Environmental review by means of Kerstin ArbterChapter three. Sustainability influence evaluation and Regulatory impression evaluation through Ingeborg NeistroyPART II. selecting instruments FOR SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENTSChapter four. The Sustainability A-Test by way of Marjan van HerwijnenChapter five. The position of instruments in effect tests through Anneke von RaggambyChapter 6. utilizing evaluate instruments within the coverage Contest via Donald MacraePART III. engaging in SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENTSChapter 7. Balancing pursuits in Sustainability tests through Daniel WachterChapter eight. Assessing the power Contributions to Sustainability via Helene ConnorChapter nine. Assessing the Sustainability of alternate rules and Agreements by way of Colin Kirkpatrick and Clive George
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Extra resources for Conducting Sustainability Assessments
Again, it is acknowledged that some impacts, “particularly environmental ones” are difficult to value, and therefore it is recommended to “set out the process from qualitative to quantified to monetised estimates in a transparent manner and avoid a black-box approach”. As regards the range of quantitative methods, the Guidelines confirm the observation made above, but at the same time in a subtle way show a preference for a certain type, by saying “ … quantitative techniques, varying from simple extrapolation – … – through to proper quantitative modelling”.
As regards IA systems in EU member states, the EVIA results reveal certain confusion between “IA” and “administrative burden assessment”, which is the dominant motive in most jurisdictions. This assessment type belongs to the “RIA-family” and is predominantly based on the “Standard Cost Model” (SCM) methodology, which covers only administrative costs for businesses caused by information obligations. Actors involved in this type of assessment are often not aware of the use of IA as a tool for policy integration, and are also used to analysis based on monetised data only.
The EVIA project calls on policy-makers to recognise that the use of sophisticated methodologies is not a panacea. The researchers also observe the expectation that assessments provide a “straightforward guide to decisions”, while in practice this can only be achieved with more “technical” IAs for very specific policy options. According to the authors, in more complex cases assessments reveal that policies have a wide range of consequences, which cannot be easily weighed up. They conclude that further development of methodologies is useful, but should be seen as a step towards more transparency and a better understanding of the questions involved with the policy proposal (Jacob et al, 2008).
Conducting Sustainability Assessments by OECD Collectif