By Vjekoslav Perica
Reporting from the heartland of Yugoslavia within the Seventies, Washington submit correspondent Dusko Doder defined "a panorama of Gothic spires, Islamic mosques, and Byzantine domes." 1 / 4 century later, this panorama lay in ruins. as well as claiming tens of hundreds of thousands of lives, the previous Yugoslavia's 4 wars ravaged over 1000 spiritual structures, many purposefully destroyed through Serbs, Albanians, and Croats alike, offering an apt architectural metaphor for the region's contemporary background. hardly ever has the human impulse towards monocausality--the desire for a unmarried explanation--been in higher proof than in Western makes an attempt to make experience of the country's bloody dissolution. From Robert Kaplan's debatable Balkan Ghosts, which pointed out entrenched ethnic hatreds because the motive force at the back of Yugoslavia's death to NATO's dogged pursuit and arrest of Slobodan Milosevic, the search for simple solutions has often served to imprecise the Balkans' advanced historical past. probably such a lot unusually, no booklet has targeted explicitly at the position faith has performed within the conflicts that proceed to torment southeastern Europe. according to a variety of South Slav assets and formerly unpublished, usually exclusive records from communist kingdom records, in addition to at the author's personal on-the-ground adventure, Balkan Idols explores the political function and effect of Serbian Orthodox, Croatian Catholic, and Yugoslav Muslim non secular companies over the process the final century. Vjekoslav Perica emphatically rejects the idea "clash of civilizations" has performed a primary position in fomenting aggression. He reveals no compelling facts of an upsurge in non secular fervor one of the normal inhabitants. particularly, he concludes, the first non secular gamers within the conflicts were activist clergy. This activism, Perica argues, allowed the clergy to imagine political strength with out the responsibility confronted by means of democratically-elected officers. What emerges from Perica's account is a deeply nuanced knowing of the historical past and afflicted way forward for considered one of Europes so much risky areas.
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Extra resources for Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States (Religion and Global Politics)
Nevertheless, the new state was also an opportunity for the expansion of Catholicism. ”6 Back then, conversion of the Orthodox was ofﬁcial Vatican policy, not to be changed prior to 1965. Facing the conspicuous showing of the Serbian Orthodox Church, Croat bishops and prominent laymen labored on developing a secular political force, namely, the Croatian Catholic (Lay) Movement, inaugurated as early as 1903 under the leadership of the bishop of Krk, Anton Mahnicˇ. It would be part of the global “Catholic Action,” initiated by Pope Pius XI in 1922 and established in the Kingdom in 1927.
Thirteen Centuries of Christianity in the Croat People). The Croatian jubilee was conceived as a nine-year-long sequence of commemorations, liturgical events, and pilgrimages to landmark historical sites that would fortify the tradition and continuity of nationhood and church-nation symbiosis. The grand jubilee was symbolically announced in the tumultuous year of 1937, when Archbishop Alojzije Stepinac led a “Croatian pilgrimage” in Jerusalem and other biblical sites in Palestine. On 28 June 1939, on Saint Vitus’ Day, thousands of Serbs gathered at the Ravanica monastery to commemorate the 550th anniversary of the Kosovo battle.
These South Slavs of Christian (Serbian and Croatian) ancestry operated under Ottoman religious authority (the Meshihat) in Istanbul. 47 In the interwar Yugoslav kingdom, the Muslim Religious Organization, headquartered ﬁrst at Belgrade and then in Sarajevo, became autonomous but close to the Bosnian Muslim political party, the Yugoslav Muslim Organization (YMO). The Belgrade regime supported both the Muslim Religious Organization and the YMO and used them as checks against the two major domestic nationalisms.
Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States (Religion and Global Politics) by Vjekoslav Perica