By Reinhold Sackmann
With many OECD nations experiencing a decline of their populations, this bookoffers a theoretical version of dealing with demographic switch and examines diversified options that societies have used to return to phrases with demographic swap. specifically, it info different ways in which Germany and Poland have attempted to deal with this problem and divulges 3 conflicting innovations: enlargement, relief, and phasing out.
· How and why demographic switch used to be utilized in Poland to extend the schooling system
· The variance of linkage among demographic switch and development charges in numerous fields of schooling in a German Bundesland
· Modes of reflexivity and body of workers coverage in German and varnish municipalities
· results of demographic swap and different types of coping on financial skill and unemployment charges in German municipalities
Coping with Demographic Change examines how and why societies take care of those harmful results. It conceptualizes the demanding situations a society faces because of demographic switch and specializes in the techniques during which actors, enterprises and geographical regions attempt to deal with this new situation.
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Extra info for Coping with Demographic Change: A Comparative View on Education and Local Government in Germany and Poland
Ever larger amounts of the budget have to be used to service increasing debts) is a possible operationalisation of a large discrepancy of aspirations and resources. Influential literature on coping in social psychology rejects the concept of threat rigidity (Folkman and Lazarus 1988, p. 309).
Are there increasing aspirations connected with demographic change (especially shrinkage) that are strong predictors? In demographic terms this does not seem to be plausible as population numbers do not have a strong “ought” component that could constitute aspirations. 1 children (in pres ent modern societies) that could constitute a very strong aspiration, the violation of which would cause problems. 351). Whereas peo ple do not have strong feelings about total fertility rates, they have strong emotions on whether they want to raise a family and how large the family should be.
As a result, they are unable to mobilise sufficient cooperation in situations of crisis. After this short review of literature on coping in social psychology, organisation studies and disaster research, we want to combine these approaches. In our theory of coping with demographic change, we differentiate four types, which roughly cor respond to the types of frames of problems that we introduced above. There is some relation between the frame and type of coping action chosen, but it is not a perfect fit as actors can follow different frames and strategies of coping.
Coping with Demographic Change: A Comparative View on Education and Local Government in Germany and Poland by Reinhold Sackmann